Department of Empowerment of Persons with Disabilities↓
Government of India,
Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment
HUMAN RIGHTS COUNCIL RESOLUTIONS
(List of resolutions of the Human Rights Council related to the rights of persons with disabilities.)
|22 June 2020||A/HRC/RES/43/23||Awareness raising on the rights of persons with disabilities, and habilitation and rehabilitation|
|19 June 2020||A/HRC/RES/43/13||Mental health and human rights|
|19 June 2020||A/HRC/RES/43/7||Right to work|
|12 July 2019||A/HRC/RES/41/21||Human rights and climate change: the rights of persons with disabilities|
|4 April 2019||A/HRC/RES/40/14||Rights of the child: empowering children with disabilities for the enjoyment of their human rights, including through inclusive education|
|6 April 2018||A/HRC/RES/37/22||Equality and non-discrimination of persons with disabilities and the right of persons with disabilities to access to justice|
|9 October 2017||A/HRC/RES/36/13||Mental health and human rights|
|18 July 2016||A/HRC/RES/32/23||Protection of the family: role of the family in supporting the protection and promotion of human rights of persons with disabilities|
|7 July 2016||A/HRC/RES/32/18||Mental health and human rights|
|8 April 2016||A/HRC/RES/31/6||The rights of persons with disabilities in situations of risk and humanitarian emergencies|
|7 April 2015||A/HRC/RES/28/4||The right of persons with disabilities to live independently and be included in the community on an equal basis with others|
|14 July 2014||A/HRC/RES/26/20||A Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities|
|14 April 2014||A/HRC/RES/25/20||The right of persons with disabilities to education|
|14 March 2013||A/HRC/RES/22/3||The work and employment of persons with disabilities|
|22 March 2012||A/HRC/RES/19/11||The rights of persons with disabilities: participation in political and public life|
|12 April 2011||A/HRC/RES/16/15||Role of international cooperation in support of national efforts for the realization of the rights of persons with disabilities|
|14 April 2010||A/HRC/RES/13/11||Human rights of persons with disabilities: national implementation and monitoring and introducing as the theme for 2011 the role of international cooperation in support of national efforts for the realization of the rights of persons with disabilities|
|26 March 2009||A/HRC/RES/10/7||Human rights of persons with disabilities: national frameworks for the promotion and protection of the human rights of persons with disabilities|
|27 March 2008||A/HRC/RES/7/9||Human rights of persons with disabilities|
DISABILITY TYPES AND DESCRIPTION
Applies to conditions appearing in the developmental period (age 0–18 years) associated with impairments of mental functions, difficulties in learning and performing certain daily life skills and limitations of adaptive skills in the context of community environments compared to others of the same age. Includes: Down syndrome, tuberous sclerosis, cri-du-chat syndrome.
Specific learning/attention deficit disorder (ADD) (other than intellectual)—learning disability is a general term referring to a group of disabilities, presumed due to central nervous system dysfunction rather than an intellectual disability, covering significant difficulties in the acquisition and use of organisational skills, listening, speaking, reading, writing, reasoning or mathematical skills.
Autism (including Asperger's syndrome and Pervasive Developmental Delay)—Autism is used to describe pervasive developmental disorders involving disturbances in cognition, interpersonal communication, social interactions and behaviour (in particular obsessive, ritualistic, stereotyped and rigid behaviours).
Used to describe conditions that are attributable to a physical cause or impact on the ability to perform physical activities, such as mobility. Physical disability often includes impairments of the neuromusculoskeletal systems including, for example, the effects of paraplegia, quadriplegia, muscular dystrophy, motor neurone disease, neuromuscular disorders, cerebral palsy, absence or deformities of limbs, spina bifida, arthritis, back disorders, ataxia, bone formation or degeneration, scoliosis. Includes: impairments of the neuromusculoskeletal systems including, for example, the effects of paraplegia, quadriplegia, muscular dystrophy, motor neurone disease, neuromuscular disorders, cerebral palsy, absence or deformities of limbs, spina bifida, arthritis, back disorders, ataxia, bone formation or degeneration, scoliosis.
Acquired brain injury
Acquired brain injury is used to describe multiple disabilities arising from damage to the brain acquired after birth. Results in deterioration in cognitive, physical, emotional or independent functioning. May be as a result of accidents, stroke, brain tumours, infection, poisoning, lack of oxygen or degenerative neurological disease.
Neurological (including epilepsy and Alzheimer's disease)
Applies to impairments of the nervous system occurring after birth, includes epilepsy and organic dementias (for example, Alzheimer’s disease) as well as such conditions as multiple sclerosis and Parkinson’s disease.
Deafblind (dual sensory)
refers to dual sensory impairments associated with severe restrictions in communication, and participation in community life. Deafblindness is not just vision impairment with a hearing loss, or a hearing loss with a vision impairment. Deafblindness is a unique disability of its own requiring distinct communication and teaching practices.
encompasses blindness and vision impairment (not corrected by glasses or contact lenses), which can cause severe restriction in communication and mobility, and in the ability to participate in community life.
encompasses deafness, hearing impairment, hearing loss.
encompasses speech loss, impairment and/or difficulty in being understood.
Psychiatric disability includes recognisable symptoms and behaviour patterns, frequently associated with distress, which may impair personal functioning in normal social activity. Includes the typical effects of conditions such as schizophrenia, affective disorders, anxiety disorders, addictive behaviours, personality disorders, stress, psychosis, depression and adjustment disorders. For psychiatric disability one would normally expect there to be a diagnosis. General issues with behaviour (where there is no specific diagnosis) should be reflected in the support needs data (for example, support needs in relation to ‘interpersonal interactions and relationships’) rather than here in ‘disability group’. Includes: schizophrenia, affective disorders, anxiety disorders, addictive behaviours, personality disorders, stress, psychosis, depression and adjustment disorders.
applies to children aged 0–5 where conditions have appeared in the early developmental period, but no specific diagnosis has been made and the specific disability group is not yet known.
RIGHTS OF PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES
A disability is any medical condition that makes it more difficult for a person to do certain activities or effectively interact with the world around them (socially or materially). These conditions, or impairments, may be cognitive, developmental, intellectual, mental, physical, sensory, or a combination of multiple factors. Impairments causing disability may be present from birth or occur during a person's lifetime. The United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities defines disability as:
Long-term physical, mental, intellectual or sensory impairments which in interaction with various barriers may hinder [a person's] full and effective participation in society on an equal basis with others.
The Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities is an international human rights treaty of the United Nations intended to protect the rights and dignity of persons with disabilities. Parties to the Convention are required to promote, protect, and ensure the full enjoyment of human rights by persons with disabilities and ensure that persons with disabilities enjoy full equality under the law. The Convention serves as a major catalyst in the global disability rights movement enabling a shift from viewing persons with disabilities as objects of charity, medical treatment and social protection towards viewing them as full and equal members of society, with human rights. The Convention was the first U.N. human rights treaty of the twenty-first century.
The text was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on 13 December 2006, and opened for signature on 30 March 2007. Following ratification by the 20th party, it came into force on 3 May 2008. As of July 2020, it has 163 signatories and 182 parties, 181 states and the European Union (which ratified it on 23 December 2010). The Convention is monitored by the Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities for which annual Conferences of States Parties to the CRPD have set guidelines since 2008. The thirteenth Conference of States Parties was scheduled to meet in New York in June 2020, then rescheduled tentatively to meet in December 2020 due to the COVID-19 crisis.
**Resolution adopted by the General Assembly on 13 December 2006***
RESOLUTION ADOPTED BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY
[without reference to a Main Committee (A/61/611)]
The General Assembly,
Recalling also its previous relevant resolutions, the most recent of which was resolution 60/232 of 23 December 2005, as well as relevant resolutions of the Commission for Social Development and the Commission on Human Rights,
Welcoming the valuable contributions made by intergovernmental and non governmental organizations and national human rights institutions to the work of the Ad Hoc Committee,
1. Expresses its appreciation to the Ad Hoc Committee for having concluded the elaboration of the draft Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities and the draft Optional Protocol to the Convention;
2. Adopts the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities and the Optional Protocol to the Convention annexed to the present resolution, which shall be open for signature at United Nations Headquarters in New York as of 30 March 2007;
3.Calls upon States to consider signing and ratifying the Convention and the Optional Protocol as a matter of priority, and expresses the hope that they will enter into force at an early date;
4.Requests the Secretary-General to provide the staff and facilities necessary for the effective performance of the functions of the Conference of States Parties and the Committee under the Convention and the Optional Protocol after the entry into force of the Convention, as well as for the dissemination of information on the Convention and the Optional Protocol;
5.Also requests the Secretary-General to implement progressively standards and guidelines for the accessibility of facilities and services of the United Nations system, taking into account relevant provisions of the Convention, in particular when undertaking renovations;
6.Requests United Nations agencies and organizations, and invites intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations, to undertake efforts to disseminate information on the Convention and the Optional Protocol and to promote their understanding;
7.Requests the Secretary-General to submit to the General Assembly at its sixty-second session a report on the status of the Convention and the Optional Protocol and the implementation of the present resolution, under a sub-item entitled “Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities”.
76th plenary meeting
13 December 2006
ADDRRESS OF CHIEF & STATE COMMISSIONERS OFFICES FOR DISABILITIES
OFFICE OF THE COMMISSIONER OF PwD
(In Different States in India)